|This is a National Monument of Brunant and as such may not be modified or dismantled.|
|Location||Charles Town, Sint-Anders Parish|
Withalson Hall is a historic marketplace and meeting hall in Charles Town, Sint-Anders Parish, Brunant at 1 Adams Street. Originally built between 1828 and 1832, it has been the site of several speeches, especially during the Liberal Revolution, with the hall even being referred to as "A Spring of Liberty".
The original Withalson Hall was built by John Edinbra in 1828–1832, funded by and named after a wealthy merchant from Sint-Anders, Peter Withalson. It consisted of three floors and seven bays. In the final year of construction Edinbra applied Doric brick pilasters. to the lower two floors, with Ionic pilasters on the third floor. Around the assembly hall on the second floor, galleries were added.
At the end of the 19th century, the building was entirely rebuilt of noncombustible materials. In 1979, the ground floor and basement were altered. Finally, in 1992, Withalson Hall was restored once again. The bell was repaired in 2007 by. Prior to this repair, the last known ringing of the bell with its clapper was at the end of World War II, in 1945, though it had since been rung several times by striking with a mallet. In 1988, it was made a National Monument for its historic and cultural significance.
Now, Withalson Hall is part of a larger marketplace, which includes other buildings and operates as an indoor/outdoor mall, including Adrianus Graf Chocolates and a food eatery. It is also still used for political debates.
Grasshopper weather vaneEdit
The weather vane atop Withalson Hall is a copper grasshopper, created in 1832. Gilded with gold leaf, the weather vane weighs 80 pounds (36 kilo) and is 4 feet (1.2 meters) long. The grasshopper is believed to be a symbolic representation of the Irish-Brunanter community.
Knowledge of the weather vane was used as some sort of code during the German Invasion of Brunant to catch spies; suspected spies were asked the identity of the object on the top of the hall, if they answered correctly, then they were free, if not, they were convicted as spies.
- ↑ In their original Greek version, Doric columns stood directly on the flat pavement of a temple without a base, and they were topped by a smooth capital that flared from the column to meet a square abacus at the intersection with the horizontal beam that they carried. The Parthenon has the Doric design columns.
- ↑ Ionic columns normally stand on a base which separates the shaft of the column from the platform. The cap is usually enriched with egg-and-dart. Ionic columns are always more slender than Doric columns.