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Pieter II
Pieter II
Vital statistics
Name Pieter Johan Anthony Van Draak
Birth/Death 11 March 1860 – 23 October 1913
Reign 24 November 1881 – 23 October 1913
Consort Sophie of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
Predecessor Johan I
Successor Johan II
Pieter II's signature

Pieter II (Pieter Johan Anthony Van Draak; 11 March 1860 – 23 October 1913) was King of Brunant from 22 November 1881 until his death in 1913. Johan was the youngest-ever monarch to ascend the throne.

He was the firstborn son of Johan I and Caroline Amelie of Schleswig-Holstein, and served in the Royal Navy from 1881 until he overthrew his father in the Liberal Revolution. During his reign, Brunant quickly transitioned into a democratic constitutional monarchy. While all of this happened, the national economy was growing due to the rapidly rising automobile industry and various other factors. However, in 1913 Pieter was assassinated, and is the only Brunanter monarch in history to have suffered this fate.

BiographyEdit

Early lifeEdit

Pieter II, 1869

Crown Prince Pieter, 1869

Pieter II was born in 1860 at the Realpaleis in Koningstad to Johan I and Caroline Amelie of Schleswig-Holstein. His godparents included (by then deposed) King Rubeus II of Libertas and Queen Charlotte Van Neyt, the Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg and Lovisa-Sophie Danneskjold-Samsøe.

Education and military careerEdit

Pieter was sent to the Netherlands to be privately educated by tutors in Amsterdam and later studied English in London during his adolescence, where he picked up liberal ideas. In 1879 he returned to Brunant; he quickly became a major critic of his father's ultra-Conservative ideals, while his father criticized him for being an anarchist and a supporter of Marxism.

In 1879 he joined the Royal Guard as a cadet and became a lieutenant in 1880.


In 1880, he was engaged to Duchess Sophie of Mecklenburg-Schwerin and the couple were married in Schwerin on 8 January 1881. King Johan did not attend the ceremony.

Liberal RevolutionEdit

In early 1881, Johan dissolved Congress after multiple disputes erupted between them and Johan, and ordered the Royal Guard to arrest Prince Pieter and his rebellious President, Pieter Van Neyt. The prince was able to turn much the guard against his father with the help of his brother, Eugen. Though his uncle Fabian managed to rally troops to Johan's side, the Liberal forces succeded in deposing Johan in order to begin an era of complete liberalization.

ReignEdit

1881 proved to be a momentous year for Pieter; after having deposed his father he was declared king and was crowned, alongside Sophie, at St. Peter's Church on May 19.[1]. In October 11, the couple gave birth to a son, Prince Johan. Despite being head of the Royal Guard, Pieter II was not a militaristic man and cared little for war or the military. He was instead an able politician and an outspoken supporter of the Liberal Party. Pieter carried out several reforms, such as making the President an elected official, as well as mandating the same for municipal leaders (ie. mayors) in 1887. There was much opposition to this from conservative elements in society and in 1888 he was the subject of an attempted assassination at the hands of Anthony Lesnisch[2]. In 1910 Pieter purchased a Delaunay-Belleville and became the first Brunanter king to own a car.

Later life and deathEdit

Pieter II assassination

The king's assassination

In 1911 he acquired pneumonia and a went through a fever, though he managed to recuperate relatively well. In 1913 he planned to institute reforms to tax the nobility and reduce the pensions among royalty to cut costs withing government. There was a sizable opposition, coming mostly from nobles and other conservatives. These actions quickly led to a plot to replace the king with someone more likely to support their cause. On October 23, the Royal Family was riding in an open coach through Brezonde when an onlooker, Jean-Paul Marois pulled out a gun and fired several shots at the king, the crown prince and Princess Martina Louisa[3]. The Princess was unharmed but both Pieter and Johan had been hit. They were taken to a nearby house to be treated but Pieter was not likely to survive, having been shot twice in the chest[4]. The king died on August 23, 1913 at the age of 53 and was succeded by Johan II. Pieter is presently the only Brunanter monarch to have been assassinated.

He was awarded the Order of Valdemar of Strasland in 1885.

FamilyEdit

Pieter II and Queen Sophie

Johan and Sophie's engagement photo

Sophie and Pieter had met in Berlin in 1879 during a visit and were married in 1881. After their marriage, the young couple moved to Brunant and settled down in a townhouse in Dortmund.[5] After their coronation the couple moved in to the Realpaleis. Johan and Sophie had four children:

Compared to his predecessors, the family lived in relative modesty, almost always occupying a small number of rooms at the Realpaleis.

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. Brunanter kings since King Ambroos I have been crowned at St. Peter's.
  2. Lesnisch was imprisoned at the Adriankastel from 1889 until the closing of the prison in 1902, when he was transferred to Koningstad Prison.
  3. Marois was quickly apprehended and he was shot and killed trying to escape from the police.
  4. his bloodied shirt and jacket are still in the possession of the family who's house was used to care for him
  5. Since Johan I disowned his son, he was not allowed to reside in the Realpaleis

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