Karl van Draak (1631-1709), born Carlos Pacheco de Escalona and known as Karl I was a Brunanter statesman, militaryman and king. Van Draak is considered to be among one of the greatest figures in Brunanter history, especially as he set the path for democracy and people's rights in the country.
He was born in 1631 as Carlos Martin Pacheco de Escalona. His mother was Princess Francesca (1611-1670), daughter of King Adrian I and Francesca de' Medici, sister of King Willem II. His father was Juan Antonio Pacheco (1601-1657), son of the Duke of Escalona. He resided at Vandijk Castle, his family home. Tragedy struck his family when his older sister Amalia died in 1635. Karl joined the Royal Guard in 1650. In the 1660s Karl was often bickering with his uncle, supporting greater democracy. Popular support for democracy led to civil war and Karl was soon made leader of the rebellion. When his uncle as killed during the Battle of Grijzestad, his cousin Maria Amalia was named queen. But by then the rebels had practically won and six days after her crowning she was forced to renounce her and her descendants' claims to the throne. In 1663 he helped draft the Bill of Rights, establishing a base for democracy in the nation. Van Draak was a major patron of the arts and music, especially favoring Antonius Hasselman. Despite this only two paintings of him are known to exist. The most famous is a posthumous one by the Dutchman Gerhard Jank, which portrays him much like a stadtholder in military dress. A 1670 portrait by Johannes Canales is likely to have been more accurate, painted after the king.
When he died in 1709 he was succeeded by his son, Marten I.
- Princess Beatrice Marie (1663-1721)
- Marten I (1665-1744)
- Princess Alexandra (1667-1745)
- Prince Karl (1669-1715) x Helène, Queen of Cettatie
- Princess Angela (1671-1753) x Alfonso of Traspes
The marriage was a tactical move, for if he ever became king his family ties to the nobility of Parma would be of help. The couple's several children, including two males helped to cement his position as king.
Descendants and legacyEdit
Van Draak and his wife are a common ancestors to all wikination royal families.
Through his eldest son Marten I and his second wife, Louise of France, he is ancestor to all subsequent Brunanter monarchs, and through Marten's daughter, Princess Catherine of Brunant, he is related to the current lineage of the royal family.
Via Catherine's son Adrian II (great-grandson) and his second wife, he is ancestor to all Libertan monarchs since King Martinus, who was his son. Through Adrian's son Ambroos I he is related to all Libertan monarchs after Martinus, since Martinus married a daughter of Ambroos.
Ambroos' daughter Maria was chosen to be queen of Strasland, and all Straslander monarchs are descendants of Karl through him.
Through another of Ambroos' daughters, Augustina, he is an ancestor to Lovian King Sebasian, via Augustina's daughter Marta, Marta's son George Coningham, George's daughter Silvia, Silvia's daughter Manon Ramsley, Manon's marriage to Prince Noah of Lovia and their son Prince Theodore, father to King Sebastian.
Ambroos' son Johan is also ancestor to the pretenders to the Traspesian throne, as his daughter Gisela married Traspesian King Jose. Their daughter Isabel is mother to the current claimant to the throne, Manuela de Putifigari-Arcais.
Though Marten and his third wife, Martine van Neyt, Karl is an ancestor to the Julianan royals. Marten's daughter, Princess Louisa Alexandra of Brunant had Peter of Leiningen-Dagsburg, whose son Daniel Married Queen Sofia of Juliana, and is subsequently ancestor to all other monarchs. Through the last King, Danilo III, his daughter Giulia and her son Andre de Bernières, he is related to the current claimant and heir, David de Bernières.
Through Karl's second son, Karl, he is an ancestor of the Royal family of Cettatie. Karl married Queen Helène of Cettatie and through her is related to subsequent Cetatian monarchs. And through Helene's descendant Adele de Vintimille, who married Kemburg's King Philip II, he is ancestor to Kemburg's current King, Edward.