Johan I
King Johan in 1875
Vital statistics
Name Johan Friedrich Alexander Van Draak
Birth/Death 11 July 1827 in Koningstad - 20 November 1894 in Turin
Reign 1827-1894
Consort Maria Francesca of Two Sicilies
Predecessor Cristian I
Successor Pieter I

Johan I (Johan Friedrich Alexander Van Draak, 1827-1894) was the 13th king of Brunant. Johan was the last of Brunant's absolutist monarchs, heavily involved in government affairs until being deposed and overthrown in the 1881 Liberal Revolution. He spent the later years of his life in exile, briefly in the United States and Lovia, and then in Europe.

Early lifeEdit

Johan I was born in a hunting estate near Nieuw Helmond in 1827 to King Cristian I and Maria Francesca of Naples and Sicily. He was the couple's fourth child and second son, though their first to make it to adulthood. Already born a crown prince, he became his mother's favorite, and in turn would side with her against his father.

Cristian and Johan would not get along well after the mid-1840s, as Johan was not interested in a military career, or learning about the affairs of the state. He enjoyed hunting, drinking and womanizing. In 1848, he was romantically involved with Charlotte de Brienne, a divorced French countess whom he wished to marry, though his father forbade it.


Johan I

Photograph of King Johan, 1870

In 1856 he married Princess Caroline Amelie of Schleswig-Holstein after a brief courtship. They had three children:

Johan was never truly faithful to his wife, often being seen in the company of other women. He had at least one illegitimate child, a daughter named Emma (born 1852).



a sketch of Johan

Assuming the throne after his father's death in 1859, he did not initially change much in the government. He quickly became adamant in that President Gerd Duithers, a commoner, had to go. Duithers spent much (for social programs) and Johan wanted none of that. His other ministers counseled against that, so Johan simply sidestepped Duithers and he essentially became a powerless minister after 1860.

His mother (until her death in 1869) counseled Johan, and for the first decade of his reign, his wife was kept out of state affairs and isolated at court. Afterwards, his wife ran many of the day-to-day affairs of the nation. It was said he could have easily turned Brunant into an absolutist state (and abolished the constitution) were he not leaving his mother and wife in charge while he went to hunt and chase women.

Exile and deathEdit

In 1881, he was deposed in a bloodless coup by Pieter II. Uprisings by peasants, insurrections in Koningstad and the threat of republican rule saw much of the military abandon him before his two sons stormed the palace to force him out and save the monarchy. Johan was not detained and it is likely his sons gave him the chance to flee out of clemency.

Johan left for Paris, but moved to America in 1884. In 1887, he came to Lovia, seeking to perhaps drum up some support from the king there. The fact that he did not abdicate gave rise to a legitimist cause among more conservative figures, leading to the October Plot in 1913.


16. Maximilian Jan Sobieski
8. Adrian II
17. Princess Catherine of Brunant
4. Ambroos I
18. Álvaro de Quindós y Bolaño
9. Enriqueta Maria de Quindos y Reynoso
19. Rosa Álvarez de Reynoso y Andrade
2. Cristian I
20. Francis Josias of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld
10. Ernest Frederick of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld
21. Anna Sophie of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt
5. Caroline of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld
22. Ferdinand Albert II of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
11. Sophie Antoinette of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
23. Antoinette of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
1. Johan I
24. Philip V of Spain
12. Charles III of Spain
25. Elisabeth Farnese
6. Ferdinand I of the Two Sicilies
26. Augustus III of Poland
13. Maria Amalia of Saxony
27. Maria Josepha of Austria
3. Maria Francesca of Naples and Sicily
28. Leopold, Duke of Lorraine
14. Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor
29. Élisabeth Charlotte d'Orléans
7. Maria Carolina of Austria
30. Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor
15. Maria Theresa of Austria
31. Elisabeth Christine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel