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Brezondian language
Langua Barzuna
Spoken in: Cape cross parish coa Cape Cross Parish

Carrington parish coa Carrington Parish

Total speakers 25000 native, 34000 in total
Origin Arabic (Siculo-Arabic), Catalan, Aragonese, Maltese, Sicilian
Language family Romance
Writing system Latin script (since 13th-14th c.)
Official status in Brunant Cape cross parish coa Cape Cross Parish
Regulated by Anstitut nalla Langua Barzuna

A langua Barzuna (the Brezondian language) is a language spoken in Brunant (more specifically in Brezonde, Cape Cross and Carrington) for nearly 1000 years. It is regulated by the Anstitut nalla Langua Barzuna (Institute of the Brezondian Language). Historically a "creole" of Arabic, it has evolved and has had a greater input from romance languages to consider it a separate language.

HistoryEdit

Barzuna language area

Map showing the extent of Barzuna, 1100-2000

Old BarzunaEdit

The origins of Barzuna (Barzuna antigue) begin in the 9th century when the Arabs took over Brunant. They came from various places: North Africa, Sicily, Spain and even Malta. Due to linguistic variation, they began to develop an Arab dialect to foster common understanding (like Siculo-arabic in Sicily). This language borrowed heavily on Arabic and to most Romance language speakers it would seem very incomprehensible.

No texts remain from this era (perhaps lost during the Aragones occupation), though some medieval books reference the old language, stating that it was written in Arabic.

Middle BarzunaEdit

Zatram bible

The Zatram Bible (13th c.)

Middle Barzuna (Barzuna medival) was formed from the 13th century onwards. The arrival of the Aragonese and other romance-speaking peoples led to an increasing "romanization", as well as the advancement of that language. Soon romance languages like Catalan (and other Spanish languages) and even Italian dialects were contributing to the vocabulary and Grammar of Barzuna. The Venetians contributed (minimally) to the language, but much of it was lost by the 16th century. At its peak in the late 14th-century, around 12,000 (over half the population) spoke the language fluently. Usage of Brezondian fell with the adoption of Dutch by the majority of Brunanters.

Modern BarzunaEdit

In the late 18th century there came an era known as the "Brezondian renaissance". There was a huge interest in Brunant's Arab history, culture and architecture, and as a result of that the Barzuna language. Some people (mostly the rich) began to learn the language and though its use was greatly curbed during the Carrington era, it was seen as a symbol of national identity and was repatriated after his death. By 1810 the Royal University of Koningstad and Grijzestad University were teaching it, and it gained status as one of the "classical" languages alongside ancient Greek and Latin. In 1864 the Anstitut nalla Langua Barzuna was established and they published a comprehensive dictionary in 1869, still published to this date (18th edition, 2008). They standardized what is now modern Brezondian (Barzuna moderna), dropping archaic latin and Arabic remnants. In 1888 the language gained official status in the Town of Brezonde and in 1925 gained official recognition in Cape Cross Parish.

Brezondian todayEdit

As of 2010 there are about 25,000 native speakers of Brezondian and another 10,000 who speak it at a non-native level. Most non-native speakers learn/use it in academics, for studying linguistics, the old Arab culture and history. Unlike most of the country, Brezonde and the countryside have retained heir unique Arab-romance culture and language. It is used locally more often than Dutch and until the 1960s most people (and until today many of the older generations) spoke nothing but Barzuna. In Brezonde, it is more important than English are allowed to take it instead of English (though English must be taken at later levels). In the rest of the parish (and country) it can be studied as a third (historic or foreign) language.

Varieties/dialects of BrezondianEdit

Standard Modern BrezondianEdit

Standard Modern Brezondian (Barzuna moderna or Barzuna Cap-Crusana) is the Brezondian deemed official by l'Anstitut nalla Langua Barzuna. This is spoken throughout northeast Cape Cross and Koningstad (there is a small community that lives in the Arabian Quarter, numbering about 500). This is the version taught in schools, colleges and universities and other language academies.

Southeast/southwest BrezondianEdit

Southeast/southwest Brezondian are regional varieties that are over 90% standard Brezondian. Only a few local terms and pronounciations differ it from the standard.

Variezà CarnezaEdit

The Carrington variety (Variezà Carneza) is a version of Brezondian spoken in Carrington. Due to 400 years of isolation from the main Brezondian linguistic areas, this has adopted more (local) romance and English-influenced words and is spoken with a softer (less Arabic) accent).

GrammarEdit

Personal pronounsEdit

Personal pronouns in Brezondian
Singular Plural
Subject Possessive Reflexive Subject Possessive Reflexive
First jo meu me nossos noses nos
Second tu su te vossos voses se
Third Masculine eu seu se eus ses se
Feminine ella ellas
Neutral eso

ArticlesEdit

The definite and indefinite articles take the following forms:

definite article
masculine feminine neutral
singular eu, l' a l', el
plural eus as l', els
indefinite article
masculine feminine neutral
singular en ena en
plural ens enas ens

PrepositionsEdit

Barzuna uses various prepositions in the language. Some common ones include:

an- in
abazu- below, under
a costa- beside
de- from
en volta na- around
en, ena, ens- a, an
entre- between, within
fora- outside, outside of
foste- among
na- of, belonging to
par- for
sen- without
sest/sesta- is
subre- over
unti- until
val- worth
zim- on, on top of
zima- above

Example phrasesEdit

Genes, a palavera sest jegat de Koningstad na en atague Aleman an Brunant. Us-jurno, an 16 zare, miles na soldades Alemans engoulieron noses soldades e marzan an diresia na Barzona. Afora es a zara par preparar-se e sortir an diresia na terras segures.

People, the word has arrived from Koningstad of a German attack on Brunant. Today at 16:00, thousands of German soldiers engulfed our soldiers and march in the direction of Brezonde. Now is the time to prepare yourselves and leave towards safer land. (From a Brezonde Radio report, 20 May 1941)

NounsEdit

Nouns in the Brezondian language are categorized into three broad categories: masculine, feminine and neutral. Tangible objects/persons are usually placed in masculine or feminine. Conceptual terms like color and numbers are neutral (ex. el oransa or el zara, for orange and time). Usually an "a" at the end of a word denotes it being singular but it is also used for feminine words. Masculine words generally end in "o" or "e", and plural words end in "e". (ex. a zaftuna becomes as zaftune, even though "zaftune" is a pluralization) Likewise, eu Barzuno becomes eus Barzune. There are a few exceptions, as when tafla becomes taflis and banc becomes bancs.

VocabularyEdit

See also: Dictionary of Brezondian
Brezondian vocabulary draws a lot from Spanish languages (primarily Aragonese and Catalan/Valencian) and Arabic. To a lesser extent it is influenced by Italian, Maltese and even Portuguese.

NamesEdit

Main article: User:George the Greek/Brezondian names

Brezondian names are influenced by the Aragonese and other Latin languages, while there are some totally original names, some of them of Arabian origins.

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